a couple of interesting scenarios came up for me in today's game. (i'll add that the back pass rule remains the one that i struggle with the most, perhaps since it wasn't around when i was playing competitively). to the extent it matters, these are rec games. 1. the goalie collects the ball on a through ball. he goes to punt it and it literally goes up in the air about two or three yards to his right. a defender is fortuitously standing right there and sticks out his leg. the ball strikes his mid-shin, and rolls directly back to the goalie. the goalie picks it up to try punting it again. i know a part of the rule is deliberate, but i still don't completely understand how you make that determination when you can't get into his head. the defender certainly didn't whiff on the ball entirely or anything like that. it sure seemed that he was playing it back across the goal, and no one else was there but the goalie. also, does it matter that it came off his shin, rather than his foot? would it be different if it was his knee? his chest? his head? and, as an aside, what if the ball in this situation had been passed back to the goalie by the defender with his head - this would otherwise be legal, right, but does this restart the 6 seconds? obviously, a unique, unlikely scenario, but is there anything in the rules about that? 2. a ball is played into the goal area. the defender is equal to the nearpost, two or three yards off the line. he doesn't do the best job of trapping it, and ends up with the ball at his feet, but turned around and facing the goal. he doesn't touch the ball again, and the goalie now comes racing out and scoops the ball up from his feet, while the defender is now (legally) shielding the offensive player on his back. as noted above, my read was that the defender didn't intend the ball to go the goalie when he was initially trying to trap it, although he certainly knew the goalie was coming to get it when he left it for him and focused on shielding the offensive player. i heard from the coaches on both sides about each of these scenarios, and my calls. any thoughts on the correct calls. let me know if you need more info.