This was the best episode yet. Just finished on BBC2. It made me more optimistic. All we need to do is wait for the present paranoia regarding terrorism to fade, then this ideology will be discredited. Another point I thought of is that perhaps things would not have been that much different with a President Kerry in this regard, as he would also have been locked into fighting this war on terrorism. The only pessimistic thought I had was that perhaps the neoconservative policy is giving terrorism a credibility it doesn't deserve, and possibly making it a greater danger. The basic synopsis for this part was as follows: 1) the Islamic revolutions in countries like Algeria and Egypt failed 2) the Islamic revolutionaries (including bin Laden) decided to change tactics, to attack American targets - starting with the East African embassies 3) In the Manhattan trial of the East African terrorists (including bin Laden in absentia) in January 2001, the concept of al-Qaeda was "invented" by the US Govt. Bin Laden apparently did not refer to al-Qaeda until after 9/11, when he realised that this was the term the West was using to refer to him and his colleagues. 4) 9/11 had been planted by another Islamic terrorist (not bin Laden or al-Zwahiri sp?). bin Laden just provided some finance. 5) In the post 9/11 environment, it went through several examples (in Britain, US and Afghanistan) of how al-Qaeda was supposed to have sleeper cells in the West and underground complexes in Afghanistan. But very little of this was true, as relatively innocent facts were twisted to fit an argument. 6) It went on to explain the ideology behind this - the "precautionary principle", which was first used by Greens (!) in relation to Global Warming. In the Green context this was "if there is any risk of a doomsday scenario from global warming, then we must do everything to stop it", regardless of the cost of stopping it (eg economic collapse) or the likelihood or severity of the worst case scenario. The precautionary principle in the terrorism case meant that freedoms have to be sacrificed to prevent the possibility of terrorism (eg arrest without trial). Of course, the problem with this is that it is impossible to disprove, ie prove a negative. My optimisim above stems from the hope that with time, people will realise that how small the risk is, and that it is not worth the cost that is being paid. A truly great mini-series.