Former ROC President Li Deng Hui has opened his big mouth again, and it has caused quite a stir in Taiwan (and I imagine in the Mainland as well.) Both the PRC and ROC have maintained that the Diaoyutai Islands (called Senkaku by the Japanese) are a part of China's Taiwan Province. Japan claims otherwise. Li Deng Hui claimed that these islands were not ceded to the Japanese in 1895 and that they were always associated with Okinawa, which is far to the north. Li said that only Taiwan, Penghu, Matsu and Jinmen were ceded to the Japan. The later two never were ceded to Japan and remain a part of Fujian Province to this day even though they under the administration of the ROC. In the 1870s, the Japanese were looking to expand as they had begun their Meiji reforms. The Kingdom of the Ryukyus was an independent kingdom that paid tribute to the Qing Dynasty and had for centuries until the Japanese took their independence away in 1873 and made it the first acquisition in the new Japanese Empire. The Senkaku Islands were not a part of the Kingdom of the Ryukyus at this time and only later came under the control of the Japanese. Following World War II, the territories that Japan had taken from China (Manchuria, Penchu, and Taiwan) were returned to China. The United States occupied the former Kingdom of the Ryukyus. Later, the US returned the Ryukyus to Japan. In that transition, they included the Diaoyutai Islands with the Ryukyus. This is a violation of China's sovereignty as well as commitments that were made during World War II to not sign a separate peace with Japan (something that had already been violated two decades earlier.) The Diaoyutai Islands are a part of Taiwan. Li Denghui has angered many people here in Taiwan with his statements. If he thinks he will regain the Presidency of the ROC with remarks like these, I think he misestimates the Taiwan people in this regard. The ones I talk to are angered by this discussion.